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Punjab, the land of five rivers and integrated cultural history, is a treasure trove for an avid tourist. whoever comes to this land of yellow fields providing the romantic and picturesque backdrop has never gone back without imbibing the essence of Punjab.

Due to the presence of a large number of rivers, most of the Punjab is a fertile plain. Tributaries of the rivers Indus, Ravi, Sutlej, Beas, and Ghaggar flow towards the southeast crossing the entire state. There are many sub-tributaries of these rivers that provide a base for the most extensive canal system in India.

Cities of Punjab

Punjab, located in the north west of india, is one of the smallest and most prosperous states of india. The five rivers Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelam gave it its name ‘punj-ab’ or ‘land of five waters’. These five rivers divided into three regions: Majha, Doaba, Malwa. Punjab is primarily an agricultural state and enjoy the nature benifits of fertile soils and abundant water.


Amritsar was founded by Guru Ramdas in 1577. Amritsar is the centre of Sikh religion. The command body of the Sikhs “Akal Takth” is based in Amritsar in the premises of the magnificent Golden Temple. Golden Temple was initially built in 1761. Prior to the partition of the country, Amritsar occupied an unrivalled position in the business and commercial scene of undivided Punjab. Situated on important trade routes, its trade extends to Kabul, Kashmir and Tibet, even today. Although, the Partition left it a border town and did away with much of its erstwhile importance as a trade center.



Besides being one of the most modern cities of India, Chandigarh has earned distinction by its contribution to art and culture in Indian society. Punjab University A number of events are organized through out the year like the Rose Festival, life-style exhibitions, canine shows as well as mushairas. For the people who prefer other forms of entertainment there are fashion shows and city carnivals. Chandigarh is spread in an area of 114 sq. km and its population is about 640,725. The Chandigarh experiment with it’s modern urbanism has proved to be a harbinger of change, ushering India into a new World of planned growth.



Bathinda District is situated in the Southern part of Punjab State in the heart of Malwa region. The district is surrounded with Sirsa and Fatehabad of Haryana State in the south, Sangrur and Mansa district in the East, Moga in the North-east and Faridkot & Muktsar in the North-west.Bathinda, one of the smaller places in Punjab has a rich religious and cultural heritage. The history of the Bhatinda is associated with a number of religions. The historical Palaces in the place are reminiscent of not only the Sikh culture but also that of Hindus and Muslims. It was in the jungles of Bhatinda that the 10th Guru, Shri Gobind Singh Ji fought the Mogul forces.



The District derives its name from the headquarters town of Faridkot founded by Mokalsi, grandson of Raja Manj, who ruled this territory during the 13 th century and built a fort here.The name of the place was changed to Faridkot after Baba Farid.It remained the capital during the reign of Mokalsi’s son Jairsi and Wairsi. Faridkot was the capital town of the erstwhile princely State of Faridkot. The city is named after the famous Muslim spiritual poet Baba Farid. Baba Farid, whose work has found a prominent place in the holy Guru Granth Sahib, was employed as a laborer when he first came to this place.



Fathegarh is bounded by Ludhiana and Ropar in the North, Patiala in the South, parts of Ropar and Patiala in the East and parts of Ludhiana and Sangrur in the West. It is situated between 30 degree-38′ North 16 degree-27′ East and is 50 Kms. towards the west of Chandigarh, capital of Punjab.Fatehgarh Sahib, the great Tirtha (Centre of pilgrimage) of the Sikhs, is located about 50 kilometers to the north of Patiala on the Patiala- Rupnagar Road via Morinda.The main Gurudwara commemorates the martyrdom of the two tender Sahibzadas (sons), Zorawar Singh (9 years) and Fateh Singh (7 years) of the tenth Sikh Guru.



Gurdaspur is a border district of the state and has important industrial centers like Batala and Dhariwal. While Batala is known for the manufacture of machine tools, woolen products from Dhariwal are known the world over. Gurdaspur District is a district in the state of Punjab, situated in the northwest part of India. Gurdaspur is the district headquarters. It borders Pakistan, Jammu and Kashmir, the Punjab districts of Amritsar and Hoshiarpur, and the state of Himachal Pradesh. Rivers Beas and Ravi pass through the district. The main commercial activities include tourism, carpets and fabrics, farm produce, handicrafts, service trades and light engineering.



Jalandhar-a town of great antiquity was founded by Guru Ramdas in 1577. Jalandhar known for its sportsmen as well as its sports industry is a growing industrial town having steel and iron re-rolling, rubber goods, electric goods, automobile parts and sewing machine factories. Handloom products are also manufactured at Jalandhar. Jalandhar is located at a distance of about 84 km from Amritsar on the Grand Trunk road to Calcutta. Known for its diverse industries like sports, steel and iron re-rolling mills, rubber goods, electric goods, automobile parts, and sewing machine factories and handloom products.



One of the centrally located cities of Punjab, Ludhiana stands on the banks of river Sutlej. It borders Ropar and Fatehgarh Sahib and in the west, areas of Faridkot touch its boundaries. Towards the south lie the district of Sangrur and Patiala. Its topography is representative of an alluvial plain and divides the district into the flood plain of Sutlej and the Upland plain. Ludhiana an important industrial city, is Known as the Manchester of India. It is famous the world over for its hosiery goods. Woollen garments produced here are sold in prestigious shopping centers. The famous Punjab Agricultural University is situated on the outskirts of the city.



Patiala has long been a centre of trade and commerce but in recent years it is also developing rapidly as a manufacturing city producing a wide range of goods. The people of Patiala consider themselves the torchbearers of Punjabi language and culture. The early history of the Patiala state is considered more of a myth than fact. Baba Ala Singh, a man with vision and courage assumed the leadership in 1714 and carved out an independent principality from a petty Zamindari of 30 villages. His successors were instrumental in the expansion of Patiala into a big state.



Hoshiapur is an ancient city of temples. Archaeological evidence takes its antiquity back to the stone age. It is a centre of Indo-Sanskrit studies and Brighushamita Astrology. It is an ancient manufacturing town of colourful lacquer finished with plastic inlay furniture(earlier it was ivory ). Sheesh Mahal in the centre of the city depicts the coronation of King George the V. Hoshiarpur Connected both by rail and road. the old town of Hoshiarpur is famous for its Vedic Research Institute, Bhrigusamhita system of astrology, manufactures, especially, inlay work and lacquer finish furniture , musical instruments and an archaeological museum.



Muktsar situated at a distance of 45 kms from Faridkot, Muktsar is famous for its Sikh shrines. Muktsar also has a number of Gurudwaras such as Tutti Gandi Sahib, Tibbi Sahib, Tambu Sahib etc. which commemorate incidents from the life of Guru Gobind Singh ji. Gurudawara janamsthan Guru Angad Dev ji and Gurudawara Chhateana Sahib also situated in Muktsar district. Located at a distance of 45km from Faridkot, it has many attractions including Sikh shrines and a number of Gurudwaras such as Rikab Ganj, Datan Sahib , Dukhbhajan Sahib etc. Most of these remind us of the incidents from the life of Guru Gobind Singh ji.


Pilgrimages of Punjab

One of the prime destinations for pilgrimage in India, Punjab is visited by thousands of tourists from across the world. Apart from the world’s largest Gurdwara, the Golden Temple, there are a large number of holy shrines of equal religious significance that remain unexplored. Amidst the predominance of Sikh religious places, one can also visit a host of mosques dating back to the Mogul times, temples and churches. This section will give you more information on all the pilgrim centers located in Punjab.

Gurudwaras in Punjab


Amritsar City. With a part of the land granted by Emperor Akbar, the foundation stone laid by a Muslim Sufi Saint, Mian Mir, the construction was completed in 1601. Free kitchen and recitation of the divine word never cease here. Its four gates invite everyone from all directions, the scripture is unique, it contain the divine message as received by saints, bhagats and pirs of all the faiths of India. Diwali of Amritsar is out-of-the-world. The entire Golden Temple is illuminated with traditional lamps of different colours. The reflection of the temple in the shimmering water of the holy pool binds the eye, to the many-a-splendoured pageant.



Within easy reach of Tarn Taran was the centre of Sikh religion during the time of the third Prophet, Guru Amar Das ji. The deep well (bauli) in the Gurudwara has 84 steps. Whoever takes a bath here and recites Japji Sahib (divine composition of the first Prophet of the Sikhs, Sri Guru Nanak Dev ji ) at each step, and repeats the recitation followed by bath in the Holy Well 84 times, attains moksh, because he lives out 84,000 cycles of birth representing each specie created by God.



This is the Gurudwara built at the place where the first prophet Guru Nanak got enlightenment and created Sukhmani Sahib while taking bath in the river Kali Bein.From Sultanpur lodi only the Guru Nanak started his famous journeys. Sultanpur Lodi in Kapurthala district is easily accessible from Jalandhar and Amritsar via Taran Taran and Goindwal Sahib. One can plan his visit from both Amritsar( around 60 km away) and Jalandhar(36 km away).



Takhat Sri Damdama Sahib, Talwandi Sabo, Bhatinda, is the fifth seat of the authority of Sikhs. This place owes its importance to the literary work of Guru Gobind Singh Ji done here during his stay in 1706. It was at Damdama Sahib that Guru Gobind Singh Ji prepared the revised & authentic version of the Adi Granth, which is now being honored by the Sikhs as Guru Granth Sahib ji. He added to the original version prepared by Guru Arjan Dev Ji the verses of Guru Teg Bahadur Ji. A large number of new converts joined the fold of the Khalsa here. Guru Gobind Singh Ji stayed at Damdama Sahib for nearly a year.



(11 Kms from Anandpur Sahib) On 25th January,1686 the 10th Prophet was married to Mata Jito Ji here. Three springs of water which the 10th Prophet had lanced open from huge rocks are still flowing. Sandwiched between Sri Anandpur Sahib and Sri Kiratpur Sahib is CHAMKAUR SAHIB. It was in this area where , having sworn safe passage to the 10th Prophet’s family and forces the Mughal and the hill Chiefs had treacherously attacked them. Gurudrawa Katal Garh Sahib commemorates the martyrdom of the two elder Sahibzadas and 37 Singhs who had died fighting here.

guru ka lahore


The Panj Piaras five beloved ones) were baptised here ; Sikhs were consummated as the Khalsa -saint soldiers, at this spot. 12 weapons of the 10thProphet are preserved here. One among them is Hazrat Ali’s sword. The Hola Mohalla fair of Anandpur Sahib is famous.


Temples in Punjab


Ram Tirath Temple is located at a distance of 11 kilometers West of Chogawan road, Amritsar. The Temple dates back top the period of Ramayana. There is an ancient tank at this place. A number of Temples are scattered in the area. At the site there is a hut where Mata Sita gave birth to Luv and Kush. The site also has Maharishi Valmiki’s hermitage and a well with stairs where Mata Sita used to take her bath. The Temples exhibit scenes from Ramayana.Even in the holy book of Hindus, The Ramayana, the place is mentioned. Sita Mata came here after Lord Rama deserted her and got shelter in Maharishi Valmiki’s hermitage.



Built in the third decade of the 20th Century, this temple echoes not the traditional Hindu temple architecture, but that of the Golden temple. It rises from the midst of a tank and has canopies and the central dome in the style of the Sikh temple. Its foundation stone was laid by one of the greatest reformers and political leaders of resurgent India, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya. It is a well-known repository of Hindu scriptures. The sacred city of the Amritsar, which was founded by the fourth Sikh Guru Ram Dass ji, has come to assume a special significance in Hindu cosmology because of various mythical and historical connections.



Its history goes back to the 17th Century AD. This temple is located in a village that was called Khanna. People from this village were the devotees of Jawala Mukhi temple in Kangra. Once, when Kamala Bhagat and another holy person, Kali Nath of this village were proceeding towards the Jawala Mukhi temple, Bhagwati Mata, the deity of Jawala Mukhi appeared before them, almost two kilometers before their destination. She blessed them and told Kamala Bhagat that in future, he need not come to a pilgrimage to Jawala Mukhi because worship at his village will be sanctified as his worship at her abode.



It is said that the Nawab of Sultanpur Lodhi, in whose territory the city of Jalandhar then fell, eyed a newly-married Hindu girl. He wanted to make her an object of his lust. She was a devotee of lord Shiva whose serpent saved her honour. Awed by the appearance of this serpent, the Nawab begged forgiveness from the girl and on her bidding got this temple built. The temple has an unusual architecture. Its main gate is built in the style of a mosque while the rest of the building is in Hindu style.Located in the heart of a busy market of the “Gur- Mandi”, the temple of Lord Shiva bears relics of the brilliant architectural ability of the ancient times.



Constructed by the founder of the Kapurthala State, Fateh Singh Ahluwalia, this is an example of striking architecture. The prime dome in the centre is surrounded by several smaller temples dedicated to different deities. A replica of this temple was exhibited in the pre-partition Punjab Museum at Lahore. The beautiful white structure of the “Panch Mandir” looks strikingly awesome on a moonlit night. The sacred temple gives one an intense pleasure and satisfaction. The “Panch Mandir” may be said to be an architectural marvel of the golden past. One cannot but appreciate the splendid monument that has an aesthetic appeal for the devotees.



Situated opposite Baradari garden on the Mall Road of Patiala, this temple was built by the rulers of the Patiala State. The sacred sanctorium of the “Kali Devi Temple” bears relics to the rich art and architecture of the ancient times. Apart from the splendid architectural edifice, the walls of the temple have beautiful mural paintings and sceneries that add to the grace of the monument, so much so that it has been adjudged as a “national monument”. The wonderful architectural creation coupled with an aesthetic appeal of the “Kali Devi Temple” is pretty awe inspiring for the tourist who throng the holy shrine in search of eternal happiness.


Mosques in Punjab


Situated between the Civil Hospital and the grain Market, this mazaar attracts devotees from all faiths. Baba Haji Rattan had visited Mecca as an ambassador of Raja Bhoj. On returning to India he settled at Bathinda. The mazaar (mausoleum) marks the site where the pir used to meditate. The place is haloed by the visits of the first and 10th Prophets of Sikhism, Guru Nanak Dev Ji and Guru Gobind Singh Ji.



Can be reached both from Patiala as well as from Chandigarh by road and by train. The magnificent and spacious Rauza is a mausoleum which commemorates the burial place of Mujadid-alf-Saani Sheikh Ahmed Farooqi, Kabuli, Sirhindi who lived during the reigns of Akbar and Jahangir from 1563 to 1634. The old mosque in the vicinity is extant, so are several cenotaphs. The tomb of the Shah Zaman, one of the Kings of Afghanistan indicates that the Rauza was once considered a propitious burial place of high and mighty. Some Muslim sects place it, next only to the Mecca in reverence. A great Urs is held here every August yearly.



Little over one hour’s drive from Amritsar, Qadian can also be reached by rail. Qadian is the home of the Ahmediya sect of the Muslims founded in the end of 19th Century by Sheikh Ahmed Qadiani. The soaring Minar-i-Qadian, the Ahmediya mosque and tomb of the founder epitomise the soul of this township. People from the Ahemdiya sect flourishing all over the world congregate here in the last week of December.



Situated near the railway station, it was built in 1930 during the reign of the last Maharaja of Kapurthala, Jagatjit Singh. He had employed a French architect Manteaux who recreated the design of the great Qutbiya Mosque, at Marrakesh in Morocco. The inner dome of the mosque was decorated with works composed by the artists of the Mayo School of Arts, Lahore.

moorish mosque


The beautifully designed mausoleum of Imam Nasir and the Jama Masjid are both located in the heart of the Jalandhar city. According to archaeologists the former is 800 years old and the latter 400 years old.



This small monument commemorates the visit of the great saint Baba Farid. Baba Seikh Farid Shakarganj was famous as the Sufi Saint of Pakpattan, near Multan (now in Pakistan). On his way to Hansi and Delhi, the Baba had halted at this place for some time. The city of Faridkot is named after him. His divine couplets are included in the scriptures of the Sikhs.

chilla baba

Churches in Punjab


The Christ King Church, located on the GT Road between Sahnewal and Doraha, was inaugurated by Cardinal Telesphore P Toppo, president of the Catholic Bishop Conference of India on 29th August 2004. The Church is said to be the first of its kind in the northern region in terms of its architecture, design and capacity. About 3000 people can sit in the prayer hall at a single time. The ceilings have special murals and frescoes with angels flying over it. The special work of art has been procured from Kerala. It took a lot of efforts and artistic work for a few years for the Church to be completed.

christ church


The newly renovated Holy Cross Church, Sarabha Nagar Ludhiana is the biggest in the city. This Catholic Church, which was constructed in 1963, is also the headquarter of the Catholic Spheres in the Ludhiana district. Except for the residence of the priest, the church has been renovated completely. It covers an area of more than 6,000 square feet. Rt Symphorian Keeprath, the Bishop of Jalandhar, is the architect for this church. The church is 81 feet high. It includes a basement, a large balcony, and three storeys built on the balcony to carry the glowing stars and the Cross-, and a statue of Jesus Christ.



The old church dedicated to St. Patrick was built by Rev. Fr. John Macodnnel, Q.F.M.CAP of the Vicariate Apostolic of Agra, in 1947 at the same site of new church since 1886. Various chaplains appointed to Jalandhar from the Diocese of Lahore looked it after. After the partition in 1955, the Catholic Mission of the Indian Punjab was raised to the status of Apostolic Prefecture with its headquarter at Jalandhar and the church at Jalandhar Cantonment became the Cathedral or the Mother Church of Punjab. The demolition of the old church was started on 15th February 1987.


Museums of Punjab

Punjab museums possess an extensive range of paintings and sculptures by contemporary Indian artists as well as a collection of Indian miniatures of the Mughal Rajsathani, Pahari and Sikh schools. The museums also house a fine collection of medals, arm and armours, objects of princely states with sections on Archaeology, Anthropology, Tribal and folk arts depicting different concepts and scopes in the patterns of Art and Culture.


Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum in the Company Bagh is a treasure house of the history, art and architecture of the Sikhs of the 18th and the 19th century. Formerly the summer residence of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, a famous Sikh king of the 19th century the palace now has been converted into the museum. Maharaja Ranjit Singh as his summer resi-dence built it in 1818 and he stayed here till 1837. The building was in Arabic style. Efforts have been made to collect all the relevant material from the 18th and 19th centuries to provide visitors and scholars with glimpses of the cultural history of this period.



Situated on Chandigarh- Ludhiana road (40kms from Chandigarh), one can view a repository of archaeological find of Punjab?s ancient civilization at the Sanghol museum.A vast treasury of about 15000 antiquities has been collected, it comprises of antiquities of diverse nature like sculptures, terracotta, pottery, seals, sealing, coins, ivory, carvings, precious stones and other art objects.One of the most important Palaces here is a Stupa with Buddhist monastery dating back to 1st ? 2nd Century A.D. Fatehgarh Sahib, epository of archaeological finds of Punjab’s ancient civilisation. 40 Km from Chandigarh on Chandigarh-Ludhiana road.



Anglo-Sikh War Memorial contains portraits of historical personalities, paintings, depicting scenes of battles of the Anglo-Sikh Wars. Poetic couplets of the contemporary poet Shah Muhammad are also embossed on the walls of the memorial, which describe the detail of the battles in Punjabi language. It was set-up here in 1976 A.D. Portraits of historical personalities and battle scenes painted by Jaswant Singh and Kirpal Singh and are exhibited. Weapons used in the Anglo-Sikh War are also conserved in the memorial. Poetic couplets penned by the contemporary poet Shah Muhammad are also embossed on the walls of the memorial.



Hoshiarpur contains fossils and rare sculptures collected from the archaeological site of Dholbaha, dating back to the Stone Age. The rare relics collected here are of an astonishing variety. They are also in good shape. At this museum fossils and rare sculptures collected from the archaeological site of Dholbaha are on display. The rare relics displayed here dates back to the Stone Age are of an astonishing variety & in good shape. At this museum fossils and rare sculptures collected from the archaeological site of Dholbaha are on display. The rare relics displayed here date back to the Stone age.



The Museum of Rural life of Punjab in the campus of the Punjab Agricultural University is one of the must-sees for any tourist of Punjab. This museum displays the Punjabi Culture to its best. The PAU is perhaps, the only university in India to have a museum like this. The museum assumes much importance since the rural Punjab is changing fast. The old traditions and customs, which were rampant till the last decade, are now losing their stand with the intervention of the technology. Women fetching water in gaggars (the bronze pot) from the village well are no more seen. Old bronze utensils are now antique pieces.


Forts & Palaces of Punjab

Punjab is a land where there is history, natural beauty, religion and well-known hospitality combined into one. The famous Golden Temple is often referred to as the symbol of the state. History still has its well-built impression in the tourist attractions in Punjab. A long drive along the smooth roadways offers the tourists vistas of green stretches of mustard fields.


The fort occupied a unique place in the Indian military history. Built in 1760, it was called Bhangian Da Kila (Bhangis was one of the twelve Sikh misles). According to historians, during 1808, the fort was known as the fort of Gujjar Singh Bhangi. Later it was re-built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh with the help of Jodh Singh. The legendary Maharaja strengthened the fortification of the fort in order to keep his treasures and treaties in safety. The specially constructed Toshakhana, in the centre of the fort, also stored large amount of grains and provisions for the 12,000-strong army.



Schooner shaped fort stands like a ship in a sea of sand; design eminently suited to the desert environment; is reputed to be 1800 years old. The Bathinda fort, which has stood since the period of Raja Deb (3rd century), one of the ancestors of Vinaipal is, an endangered structure now. The first woman ruler (1236 AD) of India, Razia Sultan, was imprisoned in this fort. It was the capital of the kingdom of Jaipal (1004). Mahmud Ghazni captured the town and laid it waste by his loot, arson and plunder. Patiala ruler Maharaja Karam Singh (1813-1834) renamed it Gobindgarh in memory of the visit of Guru Gobind Singh’s to the fort.



According to the compiler of the Gazetter of Faridkot State (Lahore, 1914), the old fort was built by Raja Mokulsi on square-shaped land, measuring more than 10 acres. Around 1775, it was reconstructed by Raja Hamir Singh. The main building seen at present and other important structures were built around 1890 by Raja Bikram Singh (1842-1898) and by Raja Balbir Singh (1869-1906). Raja Bikram Singh, who ruled for 24 years, contributed a lot to Faridkot state. Raja Balbir Singh died in 1906 and was succeeded by Raja Barjinder Singh, who ruled up to 1918. On assuming power, he established many educational institutions.



Patiala, a city of gardens and palaces, has a rich architectural and cultural heritage. The oldest part of Patiala is the walled city within which Quila Mubarak; the oldest fortified palace of the city, sits on a raised mound.Quila Mubarak forms the core around which the walled city developed. It dates back to 1763 AD. Baba Ala Singh, who was the founder of the Patiala dynasty built a kachigarhi (mud fortress) and named it Quila Mubarak. Later, it was reconstructed in baked bricks. Maharaja Amar Singh (1765-1781 AD) completed the construction of the inner palace called the Quila Androon.



Bahadurgarh Fort 6 kms from Patiala originally founded by Nawab Saif Khan in 1658. Maharaja Karam Singh of Patiala built the present fort in 1837. It has two circular ramparts and is surrounded by a moat and covers an area of 2100 sq meters. This rather compact but nicely designed citadel is in the custody of the Department of police. The four wails of the fort enclose the village Saifabad located on the left side of the Rajpura-Patiala Road. Saif Khan, a relative of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, after holding several important offices, became a hermit and settled down here.



Anandpur Sahib Fort, Ropar. This was the first fort of Anandpur Sahib. Its foundation stone was laid on March 31, 1689. Guru Gobind Singh spent nearly 16 years in this fort, as it was strong and strategically located. The arms and ammunition of the Khalsa army were stored here. It was almost demolished by the army of Ajmer Chand in 1705. Several years later, the Sikhs built a gurdwara at the site of Anandgarh fort. Later S Jassa Singh Ahluwalia built a baoli (step well) here. A few walls of the fort existed on the northern side until 1985, but were removed to make room for a new building.



The Town of Phillaur in which this Fort is located owes its origin to a Sanghera Jat Phul called the town after him Phulnagar. Subsequently the Naru Rajputs under Rai Shahr whose territory extended from Mau to Selkiana occupied it & when his son Rai Rattan Pal abandoned Mau & settled at Phillaur. The Jats Left the modern town dates from the time of Shah Jahan (1627-1658 A.D.) when the sites covered with ruins reoccupied having been selected for the erection of a Serai on the imperial line of road from Delhi to Lahore, of its earlier history nothing of interest is recorded.



Shahpur Kandi Fort, 7 Km from Pathankot: This 16th century fort nestles at the foot of the towering Himalayas and overlooks the river Ravi, is a comfortable rest house now. Bhao Singh, who named it after the Emperor Shah Jahan, built it in 16th century. The little town of Shahpur is located on the left bank of the Ravi River. The fort now functions as a rest house. Some Muslim Tombs and a mosque are sighted near the fort. There is a typical old stone tank just outside the village.



It was constructed under the supervision of Fakir Azeez-ud-din and Sardars Lehna Singh and Desa Singh Majithia, nobles of the Lahore Darbar at a cost of Nanak Shahi Rs. 1,25,000/- Originally, laid in a garden spreading across 84 acres of rare plants, trees and flowers, surrounded by a boundary wall, 14 feet high and a moat all around it, this beautiful palace had also several equally beautiful clusters of structure which were converted into clubs and libraries, the lawns around them into tennis courts by the British.

maharaja ranjit


It was built in the reign of Maharaja Narinder Singh (1845-1862) in a forest with terraces, gardens, fountains and an artificial lake. With two watching towers in the north and the south the lake is connected to Banasar Ghar, where all type of stuffed animals are kept and Sheesh Mahal, the residential palace with a suspension bridge which is a copy of the Lakhsman Jhula at Rishikesh.Part of the three-storied building is inset with pieces of reflecting mirrors and a large number of wall paintings depicting scenes from Bhagwat Puran and portraits of the Sikh Gurus.



Jallaianwala Bagh, situated 400 meters north of the Golden Temple, is where the most notorious massacre under the British rule took place. In the afternoon of 13 April, 1919, thousands of people gathered at Jallianwala Bagh for a peaceful demonstration on the Baisakhi day. The ground is surrounded by high walls on all sides. Standing on the only access way, he ordered his men to open fire without any warning resulting in the death of 337men, 41 boys and one baby and injuring more than 1200. Today this ground has been changed to a memorial park. At the entrance there is a memorial plaque which recounts the history.


Parks & Wildlife in Punjab

Punjab museums possess an extensive range of paintings and sculptures by contemporary Indian artists as well as a collection of Indian miniatures of the Mughal Rajsathani, Pahari and Sikh schools. The museums also house a fine collection of medals, arm and armours, objects of princely states with sections on Archaeology, Anthropology, Tribal and folk arts depicting different concepts and scopes in the patterns of Art and Culture.


Sangrur is situated on Ludhiana-Jakhal Railway line and is well connected by road with Patiala, Ludhiana, Chandigarh and Bathinda. The Banasar garden, in addition to its walking trails and plantations is famous for its marble Baradari (building with 12 doors), mini zoo and the old Diwan Khana which is a museum now and which stands out of the middle of a pool. It is decorated with carved marble slabs and four towers. One enters the Baradari through a bridge leading to a marble gate on the western side. Banasar garden is open to public now.



The Aam Khas Bagh was built for the public and also for exclusive use of the Emperor Shah Jahan. Both of them use to stay here while going to and coming back from Lahore. There were adequate number of places for the stay of Mughal Emperors. A close scrutiny of the remnants of the places clearly indicates that there was a perfect system of air-conditioning in the places and the monument is called ‘SARAD KHANA’. The other monuments include ‘SHEESH MAHAL’ (DAULAT-KHANA-E-KHAS), HAMAM and the Tank where unique methods of heating water were adopted. The total area of the complex is 700ft X 485ft.



The home of Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s summer palace, intersected by water channels fitted with fountains and golden fish, rare coniferous trees and herbal plants which do not normally grow in the plains of Punjab, is by far the best garden in Punjab.Ram Bagh a beautiful garden, an accustomed listener to the Neighs of thousand horses, announcing the arrival of the statesman of the century Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780-1839) the Lion of Punjab, has in its heart the summer Palace of this great ruler. Maintenance free inbuilt cooling system designed in the Palace exhibits the architectural excellence and invokes a keen interest.



A beautifully well-laid compact garden with swimming pool and mausoleums of erstwhile rulers of Kapurthala is filled with piece and is a great spot for spending leisure time. Shalimar Garden is a beautiful small garden situated at Kapurthala. A magnificent gate welcomes one in to the curtilage where a charming pond and a park provide ideal vistas to sit and relax. A well-stocked library caters to the studious lot. The historical building, Baradari, in the Shalimar Garden is the site where Maharaja Ranjit Singh and Maharaja Fateh Singh had met. The Samadhis of former rulers of Kapurthala, with excellent filigree work, are also housed in the garden.



The Baradari gardens surround the Baradari palace located in the north of old Patiala city, just outside Sheranwala Gate. The gardens, laid under Maharaja Rajindera Singh were planted extensively rare trees and shrubs, dotted with impressive Colonial buildings and a marble statue of Maharaja Rajindera Singh and the Fern House. The 19th century Fern House, a replica of the one in Calcutta forms a unique attraction along with quaint Rink Hall. State guesthouses for foreigners and important Indian dignitaries used to be located here during the rule of the Patiala state.



Maharaja of Kapurthala had built a lake after making a barrage on river Kali Bein. Many rivulet discharges into this river and a beautiful lake is still there. On the left side of lake lies a green forest with some wildlife. Maharaja had built a retreat called The Villa on French design on the banks of this lake. The present descendant of Maharaja uses as their residence. The lake is a beautiful home of migratory birds in winters, has been developed as a still more beautiful picnic spot with all the infrastructure facilities. The tourist can go for boating in this lake.



Over 250 species of migratory birds have been spotted here. 30 km of crystal clear water in scenic surroundings makes it a popular spot for angling, kayaking, canoeing, boating and long distance swimming.



Zoological Park Chhatbir 20 km from Chandigarh and 55 km from Patiala spread over 202 Acres of raw scrubland; it houses 52 species of animal and 62species of birds in a simulated natural habitat. It is famous for its Lion Safari and is the biggest park of its type in India.



Tiger Safari Ludhiana & Deer Park at Neelon on Ludhiana- Chandigarh road are also worth visiting. Tiger Safari is situated on GT Road (Ludhiana-Jalandhar Highway); it is 6 kms from the main city. Tiger Safari here is stretched out on 25 acres. Since tigers have delighted 1993 people here, black bucks, sambhars, rabbits and lots of peacocks in the safari. Majestic tigers roaming about in the dense jungle offer a thrilling experience.Of course, the Tiger Safari is one place where the children love going. It is quite exciting for children to see the tigers bathing and roaming freely from the windows of the van.


Picnic Spots in Punjab

Punjab has many fun parks to provide fun to tourists. These fun parks are located in different cities of Punjab. For the past few years many new water parks have come up in Punjab. These water parks are spread over a large area and can cater to thousands of water seekers. Some even have rooms for spending the night extending the fun for a still longer time.


The colorful and exuberant state of Punjab abounds in tradition, history, folklore, grandeur, architectural splendor as well as panoramic natural beauty. Among the various parks and sanctuaries in Punjab, the Hari-ke-pattan, Amritsar, National Wetland & Wildlife Sanctuary deserves special mention.Punjab is noted for a multitude of reasons. The state with its rambling meadows also possesses a diverse natural heritage that is evinced by its numerous wetlands, bird reserves as well as menageries. Tourists have plenty of options ranging from the scintillating Lion Safari at the Chhatbir Zoo to kayaking in the waters of the Sutlej Wetlands .



The Hardy’s World generated quite a lot of excitement in the hearts of Ludhiana children as they had seen in the advertisement Essel World and had wanted a similar thing in Ludhiana. About 7 Kms from the main city, this visually stunning amusement park offers a complete fun-package. Theme parties, cafes, joy rides and shopping complex are entertainment bonanza for all age groups. Now water city has also been included, where one can all types of water sports along with ice-skating & snowfall. This is India’s 3rd largest Indoor snow city.

hardy's world ludhiana


This is the border between India and Pakistan and lies on the Grand Trunk Road. The “lowering of the flags” ceremony is performed here every evening. The event may seem quite hostile but is actually a show put up by the sentries as part of the rehearsed entertainment. . At the entrance of this outpost, there is a sightseeing gate with an inscription “Swarna Jayanti”. From this a panoramic view of the landscape is seen. There are electrified fences with 66,000 volts of electric current. People visit Wagah border to see “Beating the Retreat” ceremony performed by the soldiers in evening. Soldiers from India and Pakistan perform a flag march.



Spread over three square kilometers on the northern border of the city, it is a beautiful man-made lake. It is a wonderful spot to escape to from the humdrum of the city life and is ideal for enjoying nature’s beauty in peace. This lake is also a favored spot for the ardent bird watchers as sizeable population of a variety of birds drop in here during the winter months from Central Asia and Siberia. Sukhana Lake is an artificial Lake created by damming a seasonal River Sukhana Choe. Facilities like boating and water skiing are offered at the lake. The Lake is surrounded by green vegetation.


A few other places worth mentioning are a Sanyas Ashram (popularly known as Bahrian-da-Talab) on the Kapurthala road. Nathan-Di Bagichi, Darbar Muhammad Jamal Zahra (in Basti Sheikh), Baba Jhandianala (in Basti Nau), shrines of Baba Lakki Shah Pir and Dargah Pir Hazi Shah Qutab situated in the Jalandhar Cantonment.