Jammu is the largest city in the Jammu Division and the winter capital of state of Jammu and Kashmir in India. It is situated on the banks of the Tawi River.
Jammu is located at 32.73°N 74.87°E.It has an average elevation of 327 m (1,073 ft). Jammu city lies at uneven ridges of low heights at the Shivalik hills. It is surrounded by Shivalik range to the north, east and southeast while the Trikuta Range surrounds it in the north-west. It is approximately 600 kilometres from the national capital, New Delhi.
Cities of Jammu
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Bhaderwah is a small valley-town in Doda, J&K. Bhaderwah valley is predominantly a mountainous torrid town situated 80 km from Batote. The festive mood in the district begins with the melting of snow in April and the sprouting of greenery all round. Kailash Yatra is another famous pilgrimage of the area which is considered an important Hindu pilgrimage. Bhaderwah offers to the tourist a variety of beautiful landscape, colourful local fairs, important festival mood and pleasant summer temperature ranges from 18 degrees to 32 degrees. Popularly called Chhota-Kashmir, has bewitching natural beauty which enthrills any visitor.
The Udhampur city in Jammu and Kashmir has a significant place in the country. This is the place, where the famous Vaishno Devi shrine is located. It attracts lakhs of pilgrims all through the year. Udhampur is a rail link between Jammu and Udhampur, which makes the pilgrimage easy for those devotees, for whom the arduous bus journey from Jammu is difficult. The Major Fascinating Sights at Udhampur are Babore Temples, Krimchi Temples, Ghora Gali, Ramnagar Fort . Udhampur is linked to Jammu by well connected rail line. A regular bus services are plied from Railway Station. Also number of Taxies, Deluxe Busses are available at these places.
Jammu is the second-largest city in the state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is also a transit point for travelers on a trip to north to Kashmir. Jammu is still on the plains, so in summer season it is a sweltering, uncomfortable as compared to the cool heights of Kashmir. The winter capital of the state, Jammu is known as the city is of temples is also an important trade centre and a convenient stage on the road journey to Srinagar. The number of forts, most of them now in ruins in the Jammu region is great. One can reach Jammu by the National Highway 1A that goes from Punjab and runs through this city, connecting it to the rest of the state.
Akhnoor is a beautiful town situated at a distance of 32 km from Jammu. The Chenab river meets the plain in Akhnoor, just north-west of Jammu. This was originally the route to Srinagar in the Moghul era. Jehangir, who died on the way to Kashmir, was temporarily buried at Chingas. Akhnoor is also related with the legend of Soni-Mahiwal. This is a historic town with the ruins of the Indus-valley civilisation spread along the river Chenab. The whole area commands a panoromic view. A nice place to be in. Akhnoor is linked to all the major parts of the state from the Jammu.
Pilgrimages in Jammu
Jammu & Kashmir, India houses few of the most sacred places of worship. Travel to the sacred places Kashmir India, hooked in high altitudes and enjoy a satisfying trek to the land of temples – Jammu in Jammu & Kashmir, India. Tour to Kashmir and make your Kashmir tourism a purely religious. Travel to the divine and celestial land of Jammu & Kashmir and get blessed. Travel to this blessed land of the world in India – Kashmir and make your travel very satisfying. Tourism in Kashmir provide religious places of worship with different faiths. Travel to Kashmir, where people from various walks of life come to mingle together in harmonious co-existence and bring out a unique synthesis which has manifested itself in a common celebration of all religions.
MATA VAISHNO DEVI
The Holy Cave Shrine of Vaishno devi is situated in a beautiful racess of the Trikuta Mountains forming a part of the lower Himalayas as in the state of Jammu & Kashmir at an altitude of over 5000 feet. A pilgrimage to the Holy Shrine of Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Ji is considered to be one of the holiest pilgrimages of our times. Popular the world over known as the Moonh Maangi Muradein Poori Karne Wali Mata, which means, the Mother who fulfills whatever Her children wish for, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Ji resides in a Holy Cave located in the folds of the three peaked mountain named Trikuta (pronounced as Trikoot).
The Holy Cave attracts lakhs of devotees every year. In fact, the number of Yatris visiting the Holy Shrine annually now exceeds 5 million. This is due to the unflinching faith of the devotees who throng the Shrine from all parts of India and abroad. The Yatris have to undertake a trek of nearly 12 km from the base camp at Katra. At the culmination of their pilgrimage, the yatries are blessed with the Darshans of the Mother Goddess inside the Sanctum Sanctorum- the Holy Cave. These Darshans are in the shape of three natural rock formations called the Pindies. In the cave there are images of three dieties viz. the Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasaraswati. The shrine can be visited throughout the year, but during the winter season the route is often blocked by snow-fall.
BAWEY WALI MATA
In Jammu in the state of Jammu & Kashmir in India. The temple of Maha Kali (better known as Bahu or Bawey Wali Mata), located in the Bahu Fort, is considered second only to Mata Vaishno Devi in terms of mystical power. The temple was built shortly after the coronation of Maharaja Gulab Singh in 1822. The famous temple of Bawey Wali Mata is inside the Bahu Fort where, every Tuesday and Sunday, pilgrims throng to worship the goddess. Positioned along the banks of river Tawi, the impressive construction of Bahu Fort is probably the oldest construction in Jammu.
Depicting the art and architecture of 1883, the Ranbireshwar Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Offering a marvellous view of isolated forested hills, the temple is located on Shalimar Road, near the new Secretariat, opposite the Dogra Art Gallery in Jammu. Standing 75 metres high, the temple itself is a local landmark. The temple was built by Raja Ranbir Singh, a great devotee of Lord Shiva. He established a seven-and-a-half feet high crystal Lingam in the temple, which of course, is the major attraction. Apart fropm the main Shiva-Lingam, there are twelve other Shiva-lingams of crystal measuring from 15 to 38 inches.
Wish to visit a temple with lakhs of “Saligrams” (the divine stone of Lord Vishnu)? Raghunath temple, dedicated to Lord Rama is a divine place in the heart of Jammu with seven shrines. The most important shrine belongs to the eighth incarnation of Vishnu- ‘Rama’, who is considered the patron deity of the Dogra community. The cluster of temples in the nearby area (all dedicated to the Gods and Goddesses related to the epic Ramayana) makes it the largest temple complex in North India. The temple was completed in 25 long years (1835-1860) by Maharaja Gulab Singh and his son Maharaja Ranbir Singh.
The Shrine of the Peer Kho Temple is one of the old temples of ‘the City of Temples’. A large number of devotees throng it on Puranmashi, Amavasya and Ekadashi. The important festivals held here are Shivratri, Purnima amd Shravan Puranmashi or Raksha Bandhan. The lingam is located inside a small but peaceful cave embellished with white marble rectangular platform. The black stone lingam is decorated with a copper snake or Naga and a Silver sheet covers the Jallari or Yoni, topped by a copper vessel hanging to pour water continuously on the lingam. The Peer Kho Temple and Peer Mitha are two old temples located in the city of temples.
ZIARAT PEER MITHA
Ziarat Peer Mitha is a mosque situated in the center of Jammu. It also houses the tomb of Pir Ziarat, who was popularly known as Peer Mitha. The ziarat came to be known by this name because he readily accepted even a pinch of sugar in the offerings. Shrine of Peer Mitha is a famous Muslim shrine in Jammu. Peer Mitha was a contemporary of Ajaib Dev and Ghareeb Nath – both saints were famous for their prophecies and miracles. “Mitha” means “the sweet one”, for the Peer would accept nothing more than a pinch of sugar in offering from his devotees.
The holy shrine of Ziarat Peer Mitha imparts an aesthetic appeal to the entire surrounding.
Jammu rightly deserves the sobriquet “City of Temples”. It consists of a large number of temples that are thronged by a huge number of pilgrims at different times of the year. Temple towers dominate its skyline. Mahamaya Temple in Jammu is one such temple which is flocked by devotees who come to offer their prayers. However the Mahamaya Temple is not merely a place of worship, it is one of the foremost tourist attractions of Jammu. One of the distinctive characteristic of the Mahamaya Temple is that its presiding deity is not any famous God of the Hindu Pantheon but Mahamaya, a Dogra heroine
GURUDWARA SHRI GURU NANAK DEV JI
This historical Gurdwara is built to mark the visit of Guru Nanak Sahib. It is situated near historical Mubarak Mandi Complex of Dogra rulers near Chowk Chabootra Jammu. It is said that Guru Sahib while returning to punjab via Kashmir stayed here. In this small Gurudwara there is a 3 feet marbled statue of Guru Nanak Dev ji installed by Rajput Raja Maharaja Partap Singh. During Singh Sabha Movement when statues were removed from Gurdwaras this statue got unnoticed thus got intact. Very few people know about this statue. Gurdwara Shri Guru Nanak Devji is an important religious site of the Jammu and Kashmir pilgrim tourism.
The Protestant church on Wazarat road is the oldest Church in the Jammu city.
The city has a number of historic churches. Of them Protestant church on Wazarat road is the oldest Church in the city of temples.Other Churches are Roman Catholic Church near Jewel Chowk and Presentation Church of Virgin Mary. Another Church is St. Mary Church on G.L.Dogra road.
One of the most popular Muslim shrines in Jammu, Shahdra-Sharif is situated in Rajouri district and is approximately 177 km from Jammu. The shrine is dedicated to Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah and dates back to the 19th century. Standing atop a beautiful hillock in Thanna Mandi area, 29 km from Rajouri town, Shahdra Sharif has quite a story attached to it. It is believed that Gulab Singh, once the army general of Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab, got this shrine constructed. The shrine is located in Rajouri district (approximately 177 km from Jammu). Regular bus services as well as Taxis are available from Rajouri as well as Jammu .
Hill Station in Jammu
Patnitop a beautiful hill station in the state of Jammu & Kashmir is no less beautiful. If one is aiming to get away from it all for some time, this place is hard to beat. With all its beauty as a hill station, it is a charming plateau at an altitude of 2, 024 m. The grassland is surrounded by dense forest . Patnitop is a perfect spot for walks and picnics. Sanasar, 19-km away was chosen by J&K Tourism for major development. Situated in a Gulmarg-like meadow it has picnic spots around. The 6-hole golf course is being expanded to 9-holes. Pony rides along little known trails, camping and walks can be indulged in by those with a less adventurous interest.
Garden in Jammu
Situated 5 kms away from the Jammu city center, Bahu Fort stands on a rock face on the left bank of the river Tavi. Perhaps the oldest fort and edifice in the city, it was constructed originally by Raja Bahulochan over 3,000 years ago. Inside, there is a temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. An extensive terraced garden, known as Bagh-e-Bahu, has been developed around the fort. Bagh-e-Bahu is an extensive terraced garden built around the Bahu Fort in Jammu. This beautiful garden with its glittering waterfalls, artificial lake, lush green lawns, flower beds, fountains and big trees is a favourite picnic spot of the city .
Lakes in Jammu
Gleaming with heavenly beauty, the romantic and fascinating lakes of Jammu and Kashmir are the pride of the state. Renowned the world over for their charm, the lakes of Jammu and Kashmir attract tourists from across the globe. There are several wonderful lakes in the state. The best time to visit the lakes is from April to October.
Popular for the food and crafts festival, the Mansar lake draws thousands of tourists every year around Baisakhi. Apart from the scenic beauty and landscapes, the lake has several religious values too. Situated about 40 km south of Udhampur, the Mansar lake is surrounded by dense forests and hills. The lake is counted among major tourists destinations because of boating facilities and its religious values owing to Sheeshnag shrine. Newly wed couples perform three ‘Parikramas’ (circumambulations) around the lake to seek the blessings of the lord of serpents. Flickering of seasonal birds, tortoise and fish of different species can be observed .
With wooded hills all around, thick forests in the backdrop and countless lotus flowers on the surface, the beautiful Surinsar lake is a great picturesque tourist spot situated about 42 km from Jammu. The lake appears like a lotus garden in summers. The lake is a much sought after by nature lovers. According to Hindu mythology, the lake originated when Arjuna, the hero of the epic Mahabharata, shot an arrow to the land.
Wildlife in Jammu
Mother nature has undoubtedly showered her blessings on Jammu and Kashmir liberally. Be it natural beauty or the fascinating wildlife, Jammu and Kashmir has it all making it an overwhelming tourist destination. It enchants tourists from across the globe. The varied topography of the state is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including the endangered ones. Jammu and Kashmir is a paradise for both wildlife buffs and bird lovers. There are numerous National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in the state.
NANDHINI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
Located on the National Highway, Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is around 28 km away from Jammu. The park is famous for both animals and birds as well. The main mammal species that are found here are 8 which include, leopard, wild boars, rhesus monkeys, grey langur and many more. To spot them, it is best to come in months from September to March. And the common birds that you will see here are Indian Mynah, Blue rock pigeon, Chir Pheasants, and Chakors which are most spotted in the months from March to May. The Sanctuary covers around 33 sq. km.
KISHTWAR HIGH ALTITUDE NATIONAL PARK
The varied topography of the Kishtwar High Altitude National Park makes it a home to a variety of wildlife species. Covering an area of 400 sq km, the Park is located at an elevation ranging between 1,700 to 4,800 m above sea level. The Park is rich in both vegetation and wildlife. Cedrus deodara, Pinus gerardiana, Pinus wallichiana, Juglans regia are a few tree species to name. Some of the wildlife species sighted here are the musk deer, Himalayan black and brown bear, hangul, markhor, goral, langur and leopard. The Park is home to around 50 species of birds. The best time to visit the Park is from September to May
SURINSAR MANSAR WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
The Surinsar Mansar Wildlife Sanctuary is flanked by two beautiful lakes on each corner. The Sanctuary derived its name from the rivers and is located 56 km from the city of Jammu. From a wide variety of mammals to the beautiful avian species, the Sanctuary has it all. The best time to come to the Sanctuary is from March to May.
RAMNAGAR WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
Sprawling over an area of 31 sq km, Ramnagar Wildlife Sanctuary provides shelter to several wildlife species such as barking deer, nilgai, wild boar, rhesus monkey etc. Some of the avian species found here are Indian Mynah, blue rock pigeon, peafowl, red jungle fowl, jungle crow, golden oriole, white cheeked bulbul etc. The most propitious time to visit this wildlife sanctuary for sighting mammals is from September to March and for birds is from March to May. The sanctuary is located only 6 km from the city of Jammu.
Monuments in Jammu
The Jammu and Kashmir has two important forts located in its two capital cities of Jammu and Kashmir. Baghe Bahu fort in Jammu is the oldest edifice built almost 3000 years ago bu Raja Bahulochan but renovated by Dogra Kings. You will be stunned by the beauty of this fort built on the bank of river Tawi, and its terraced gardens, waterfalls and colorful flowers are its specific attributes to be observed and praised.
AMAR MAHAL PALACE
Amar Palace, once the residence of the Maharajas is a grand palace with a magnificent look. Its sloping roofs and tall towers, so characteristic of continental castles, remind one of France. The palace now houses a museum with artifacts relating to the region’s art and culture. It also houses the city’s finest library of antique books and paintings. An entire series of miniatures on the epic Nal-Damayanti can be seen in the museum. The museum remains open from Tuesday to Sunday and entry is based on tickets.
MUBARAK MANDI PALACE
Mubarak Mandi Palace, a heritage palace at Mubarak Mandi is one of the stunning beauties of Jammu city. The buildings were used by the erstwhile rulers of Jammu & Kashmir and today used for government offices and court. The oldest building in this palace complex dates back to 1824. The palace is built in a manner that resembles both Rajasthani and Mughal architecture. The Pink Hall houses the Dogra Art Museum with miniature paintings of the various Hill Schools of Kangra, Jammu and Basholi. Some important exhibits in the museum include the gold painted bow and arrow of Mughal Emperor Shahjahan .
On the opposite bank of Tawi River, on an upland plateau, is situated the Bahu fort, the oldest edifice of Jammu region. Originally the fort was built by Raja Bahulochan and was further improved by Dogra rulers. The fort complex is decorated with terraced gardens, waterfalls and flowers. Recently, a garden known as Bagh-e-Bahu has been developed in side the fort complex to attract more visitors. The fort is just 5 kms from the city centre.
DOGRA ART GALLERY
Dogra Art Gallery lures each and every visitor with its unique collection of paintings. Located in the Pink Hall of the Mubarak Mandi Palace Complex, this art museum is a rich repository that displays rare paintings possessing immense artistic value.More than 800 paintings belonging to different schools of art have found their place in this exquisite collection at the Dogra Art Gallery.